(Adopted at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on October 31, 2019)
In order to implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee focused on the study of a number of major issues in adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the national governance system, and governance capabilities, and made the following decisions.
Significance and overall requirements for upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a scientific institutional system formed by the party and the people in long-term practical exploration. All national governance work and activities in China are carried out in accordance with the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. China's national governance system and governance capacity are the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and Concentrated manifestation of its execution capabilities.
Since the founding of the Communist Party of China, it has led the people in unity, insisted on combining the basic principles of Marxism with China's concrete reality, won the victory of the Chinese Revolution, and profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences at home and abroad. Improve the socialist system, form and develop the party's leadership and economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, military, foreign affairs and other systems, strengthen and improve national governance, and achieve historic achievements. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, our party has led the people to co-ordinate the overall layout of the "five-in-one", coordinated the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, promote the improvement of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity It provides a strong guarantee for political stability, economic development, cultural prosperity, national unity, people's happiness, social tranquility, and national unity.
Seventy years after the founding of New China, our party has led the people to create a miracle of rapid economic development and long-term social stability that is rare in the world. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich, and getting stronger. Practice has proved that the socialist system and national governance system with Chinese characteristics are guided by Marxism, are rooted in China, have deep Chinese cultural roots, and have won the support of the people. They are systems with strong vitality and great superiority. The governance and governance system is a system and governance system that can continuously promote the progress and development of a country with a population of nearly 1.4 billion, and ensure that the Chinese nation with a history of more than 5,000 years of civilization achieves the "two hundred-year" struggle goal and then achieves a great revival.
China's national system and national governance system have significant advantages in many aspects, mainly: adhere to the party's centralized and unified leadership, adhere to the party's scientific theory, maintain political stability, and ensure that the country always advances in the direction of socialism. Take the initiative, develop people's democracy, closely connect with the people, and rely on the people's significant advantages to promote the development of the country; adhere to the rule of law in a comprehensive way, build a socialist country ruled by law, and effectively protect the social justice and the significant advantages of people's rights; adhere to the national game of chess and mobilize The significant advantages of all parties in terms of area polarity and concentration on major issues; adhere to the equality of all ethnic groups, build up the Chinese nation's sense of community, and realize the remarkable advantages of unity and struggle for common prosperity and development; Labor distribution as the main body, multiple distribution methods coexist, organically integrate the socialist system and the market economy, and continuously liberate and develop the significant advantages of social productive forces; adhere to common ideals, beliefs, values, and moral concepts, and promote China Show the traditional culture, revolutionary culture, advanced socialist culture, and promote the remarkable advantages of all people's ideological and spiritual solidarity; adhere to the people-centered development ideology, continue to protect and improve people's livelihood, and promote people's well-being The significant advantages of the affluent road; adhere to the reform and innovation, advance with the times, be good at self-improvement and self-development, so that the society is always full of vital advantages; adhere to both moral and talent, select talents and talents, gather the world's talents and use them to cultivate Significant advantages of creating more and better talents; Adhere to the party's command of the gun, ensure that the people's army is absolutely loyal to the party and the people, and effectively safeguard the country's sovereignty, security, and development benefits; a significant advantage; adhere to the "one country, two systems" and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macau The significant advantages of promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland; insisting on the unification of independence and openness, actively participating in global governance, and the significant advantages of continuously contributing to the construction of a community of shared future for mankind. These remarkable advantages are the basic basis for our firm self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence in strengthening the socialist road with Chinese characteristics.
The world today is experiencing unprecedented changes in a century, and our country is at a critical period to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. To adapt to the tide of the times, adapt to the major contradictions in our society, and unite in great struggles, great projects, great undertakings, and great dreams, constantly meet the new expectations of the people for a better life, and overcome various risks and challenges on the way forward. We must adhere to and improve China Greater efforts will be made to develop a socialist system with special characteristics, and to advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.
We must adhere to the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the "Three Represents", the scientific outlook on development, and Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To achieve "two safeguards", adhere to the organic unity of the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and governing the country according to law, adhere to emancipate the mind, seek truth from facts, adhere to reform and innovation, and prominently adhere to and improve the fundamental system, basic system that supports the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, Important systems, focusing on solid foundations, strengths, shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, building a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, strengthening system governance, governance according to law, comprehensive governance, source governance, and better China's institutional advantages Transformed into the effectiveness of national governance, providing a strong guarantee for achieving the "two hundred years" goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The overall goal of adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity is to achieve significant results in the more mature and stereotyped systems in all aspects by the time the Party was founded one hundred years ago; by 2035 All aspects of the system are more complete, and the national governance system and governance capacity are basically modernized. By the time of the founding of the People ’s Republic of China, the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity has been fully realized, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has been further consolidated and its superiority fully demonstrated.
Adhere to and improve the party's leadership system and improve the party's scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance in accordance with the law
The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and the party is the highest political leadership. We must adhere to the Party, the government, the civilian studies, the east, the south, the north and the south. The party is in charge of everything, resolutely safeguard the party's central authority, improve the party's leadership system that oversees the overall situation and coordinate the parties, and implement party leadership in all areas of national governance Link.
(1) Establish a system that does not forget the original intention and keeps the mission in mind. Ensuring that the whole party abides by the party constitution, strictly abides by the nature and purpose of the party, insists on using the great ideals of communism and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics to unite the whole party and unite the people, and uses Xi Jinping's ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era to arm the entire party, educate people, and guide Work to consolidate the ideological basis of the party's governance. Taking unforgettable original intentions and remembering missions as an eternal issue for strengthening party building and life-long issues for all party members and cadres, a long-term mechanism will be formed to persistently refine the political character of party members and cadres who are loyal and clean. Fully implement the party's basic theory, basic line, and basic strategy, continue to advance the party's theoretical, practical, and system innovation, make all work conform to the trend of the times, comply with the law of development, and reflect the wishes of the people, and ensure that the party always stays at the forefront of the times and obtains The people wholeheartedly support it.
(2) Improve the various systems that firmly maintain the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership. Promote the whole party to strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidences", and achieve "two safeguards". Consciously maintain ideological and political action with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and resolutely maintain Xi Jinping. The core of the General Secretary's Party Central Committee and the core status of the entire Party is in place. We will improve the leadership system of the Party Central Committee for major work, strengthen the functions of the Party Central Committee ’s decision-making and coordinating mechanism, improve the implementation mechanism of the Party Central Committee ’s major decisions, strictly implement the reporting system to the Party Central Committee, and ensure that orders are prohibited. We will improve and maintain a centralized and unified organizational system for the party, form a tight and tightly enforced system of the party's central, local, and grass-roots organizations to achieve full coverage of party organization and party work.
(3) Improve the party's comprehensive leadership system. Improve the Party Leadership, Government, CPPCC, Supervision Organs, Judicial Organs, Procuratorial Organs, Armed Forces, People's Organizations, Enterprises and Institutions, Grassroots Mass Autonomous Organizations, Social Organizations, and other systems, and improve the work system of party committees (party groups) at all levels to ensure Play leadership roles in various organizations. Improve the specific system of the party's various undertakings, implement the party's leadership in all aspects of coordinating and advancing the "five-in-one" overall layout and coordinating the "four comprehensive" strategic layout. Improve the functional system of the party and state institutions, implement party leadership throughout the entire process of the party and the state in fulfilling its responsibilities, and promote coordinated action in all areas to enhance synergy.
(4) Improve the systems governing and relying on the people. Adhere to building the party for the public and governing for the people, maintain the party's flesh-and-blood ties with the people, integrate respect for public opinion, pool people's wisdom, unite people's livelihood, and improve people's livelihood throughout the work of governing the country and consolidating the class foundation of the party's governance. The party's ruling mass foundation guarantees the people's dominant position in state governance by improving the system, and strives to prevent the danger of separation from the masses. Implement the party's mass line, improve the system for party members and cadres to contact the masses, and innovate the mass work mechanism in the Internet era, and always do it for the masses, trust the masses, rely on the masses, lead the masses, and reach the masses and the grassroots. We will improve the system of group work that is widely connected and serves the masses, and promote people's organizations to strengthen their political, advanced, and mass character, and unite the masses they associate with around the party.
(5) Improve the system of improving the party's governing ability and leadership level. Adhere to democratic centralism, improve the development of democracy within the party and implement the relevant system of correct centralization, and improve the party's ability to set direction, plan the overall situation, set policies, and promote reform. We will improve the decision-making mechanism, strengthen investigations, scientific demonstrations, and risk assessments of major decisions, and strengthen decision-making execution, evaluation, and supervision. Improve the party's leadership and governing methods, and strengthen the political functions and organizational capabilities of party organizations at all levels. Improve the role of incentive mechanism, promote leadership cadres at all levels to strengthen their learning skills, political leadership skills, reform and innovation skills, scientific development skills, the ability to govern according to law, the ability to work the masses, pay close attention to the ability to implement, control the ability to risk, carry forward the spirit of struggle, strengthen Fighting skills.
(6) Improve and strictly govern the party system. Adhere to the party's need to administer the party, to administer the party in a strict and comprehensive manner, to increase the sense of suffering, to continuously advance the party's self-revolution, and to maintain the party's advanced nature and purity. Implement the general requirements for party building in the new era, deepen the reform of the party's building system, adhere to govern the party in accordance with regulations, and establish and improve the system and mechanism that take the party's political building as its command and comprehensively advance all aspects of party building. Adhere to the party's organizational line in the new era and improve the party's system of managing cadres and selecting talents. Regulate the political life within the party, strictly define political discipline and political rules, develop a positive and healthy political culture within the party, and comprehensively purify the political ecology within the party. Improve and implement a comprehensive and strict system of governing the party's responsibilities. Resolutely fight all issues that affect the party's advanced nature and weaken the party's purity, vigorously rectify formalism and bureaucracy, and constantly enhance the party's creativity, cohesion and combat effectiveness, and ensure that the party will always be a strong cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics Leadership core.
Adhering to and perfecting the system of people's mastership and developing socialist democracy
Our country is a socialist country led by the working class and based on a democratic dictatorship of the workers and peasants. All the power of the country belongs to the people. We must uphold the people's subjective status, unswervingly follow the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, improve the democratic system, enrich democratic forms, expand democratic channels, and implement democratic elections, democratic consultation, democratic decision-making, democratic management, and democratic supervision in accordance with the law, so Institutions and state governance better reflect the will of the people, protect their rights and interests, stimulate people's creativity, and ensure that the people manage state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings, and social affairs in various ways and forms according to law.
(1) Adhere to and improve the fundamental political system of the people's congress system. The people's organs for exercising state power are the National People's Congress and local people's congresses at all levels. Support and guarantee the people's exercise of state power through the people's congresses, ensure that people's congresses at all levels are democratically elected, are accountable to the people, and are supervised by the people, and that state organs at all levels are created by, are responsible for, and are supervised by the people's congresses. Support and guarantee the people's congress and its standing committees to exercise their functions and powers in accordance with law, and improve the people's congress's supervision system of "one house, one committee and two houses". Closely connect the deputies of the people's congresses with the people, improve the liaison mechanism for deputies, and make better use of the deputies' role. We will improve the people's congress organization system, election system, and rules of procedure, and improve the system of argumentation, evaluation, evaluation, and hearing. Appropriately increase the number of grassroots people's congress representatives. Strengthen the construction of local people's congresses and their standing committees.
(2) Adhere to and improve the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China. Implement the principles of long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, mutual support, honor and disgrace, strengthen the building of a socialist political party system with Chinese characteristics, improve mechanisms for mutual supervision, especially the conscious acceptance of supervision by the Communist Party of China, and special supervision of the implementation of major decision-making arrangements, and improve democratic parties The Central Government directly proposes a system to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to improve the methods of supporting democratic parties and non-partisans in performing their functions, and to demonstrate the advantages of China's new political party system. Give full play to the effectiveness of people-government cooperation as a political organization and form of democracy, improve the level of political consultation, democratic supervision, and participation in politics and deliberations, and better build consensus. We will improve the system of specialized consultation institutions of the People's Political Consultative Conference, enrich the forms of consultations, improve the rules for consultations, optimize the establishment of sectors, and improve the procedures and mechanisms for promoting democracy and promoting solidarity, building mutual understanding, advocating governance and building consensus.
Adhering to the unique advantages of socialist deliberative democracy, coordinating and advancing party consultations, people's congress consultations, government consultations, CPPCC consultations, people's group consultations, grass-roots consultations, and social organization consultations, building a democratic process with reasonable procedures and complete links, and improving consultation before decision And the implementation mechanism in the implementation of decision-making, and enrich the institutionalized practice of having good things to discuss and everyone's things.
(3) Consolidate and develop the broadest patriotic united front. Adhere to the work pattern of the United Front, adhere to the unity of unity and diversity, improve the policy of caring for the interests of our allies, do a good job of ethnic and religious work, improve the system of building non-party representatives, and unite the strength of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots, Taiwan compatriots and overseas Chinese The greatest common divisor draws the largest concentric circles, and promotes harmonious relations among political parties, ethnic relations, religious relations, class relations, and compatriots at home and abroad.
(4) Adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy. Unswervingly take the correct path of solving ethnic issues with Chinese characteristics, adhere to equality among all ethnic groups, adhere to the struggle and prosperity of all ethnic groups, ensure that ethnic autonomous areas exercise their autonomy in accordance with law, protect the legitimate rights and interests of ethnic minorities, and consolidate and develop equality and solidarity Mutual assistance and harmonious socialist ethnic relations. Perseveringly carry out the propaganda and education of Marxist views on the motherland, nationality, culture, and history to lay a solid foundation for the ideological foundation of the Chinese nation community. Carry out the establishment of national unity and progress in an all-round, deep, and lasting manner, and strengthen the exchanges and integration of all ethnic groups. Support and help ethnic regions accelerate their development and continuously improve the living standards of people of all ethnic groups.
(5) A sound and dynamic grassroots mass autonomy system. Improve the grass-roots party autonomy mechanism under the leadership of grass-roots party organizations, widely implement mass self-management, self-service, self-education, and self-supervision in urban and rural community governance, grass-roots public affairs, and public welfare undertakings, and broaden the channels for the people to reflect their opinions and suggestions, and work hard to promote Grassroots direct democracy is institutionalized, standardized, and procedural. Rely on the working class wholeheartedly, improve the democratic management system of enterprises and institutions based on the workers 'congress as the basic form, explore effective ways for enterprise employees to participate in management, protect the employees' right to information, participation, expression, and supervision, and safeguard their legitimate rights and interests .
Adhere to and improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, and improve the party's ability to govern the country according to law and govern the country according to law
Building a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics and a socialist country with a legal system are the inherent requirements for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must unswervingly follow the path of the socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively promote the rule of law, govern the country, and administer the law together, adhere to the integration of the rule of law country, the rule of law government, and the rule of law society, and accelerate the formation of a complete legal system and high efficiency. The implementation system of the rule of law, a strict supervision system of the rule of law, and a strong guarantee system of the rule of law have accelerated the formation of a complete system of intra-party regulations, comprehensively promoted scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and universal observance of the law, and promoted the construction of the rule of law in China.
(1) Improve the institutional mechanisms to ensure the full implementation of the Constitution. Governing the country according to law must first adhere to governing the country according to the constitution, and governing according to law must first adhere to governing according to the constitution. Strengthen the implementation and supervision of the constitution, implement the constitutional interpretation procedure mechanism, advance the constitutional review work, strengthen the filing review system and capacity building, and revoke and correct the undocumented and illegal normative documents in accordance with the law. Adhere to the supremacy of constitutional law, improve the guarantee mechanism for everyone's equality before the law, and safeguard the unity, dignity, and authority of the country's legal system. All acts that violate the constitutional law must be investigated.
(2) Improve the legislative system and mechanism. Adhere to scientific legislation, democratic legislation, and legislation in accordance with the law, improve the legislative work structure under the leadership of the party committee, the people's congress, the government, and the participation of all parties. We will improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics centered on the Constitution, strengthen legislation in important areas, speed up the construction of a legal system applicable outside our country's jurisdiction, and ensure good governance with good law.
(3) Improve the social justice and legal protection system. Adhere to the construction of the rule of law for the people, rely on the people, strengthen the protection of human rights and the rule of law, ensure that the people enjoy a wide range of rights and freedoms in accordance with the law, assume their due obligations, and guide all people to be loyal advocates, conscious adherents and staunch defenders of the socialist rule of law. We must adhere to the law, strictly enforce the law, and investigate the violations of the law, strictly regulate fair and civilized law enforcement, regulate the discretion of law enforcement, and increase law enforcement in key areas that are of immediate interest to the people. Deepen the comprehensive supporting reform of the judicial system, improve the trial system and procuratorial system, comprehensively implement the judicial responsibility system, improve the lawyer system, strengthen supervision of judicial activities, ensure judicial justice and efficiency, and strive to make the people feel fair in every judicial case justice.
(4) Strengthening supervision of law implementation. Ensure that administrative, supervisory, judicial, and procuratorial powers are properly exercised according to law, ensure that the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons, and other organizations are effectively protected, and that interference in law enforcement and judicial activities is resolutely ruled out. Expand the scope of public interest litigation cases. We will increase penalties for serious violations, implement a system of punitive damages, and strictly pursue criminal responsibility. Intensify the popularization of the law for the whole people, strengthen the concept of the rule of law for the whole people, improve the public legal service system, and consolidate the foundation for ruling the country by law. Party and state organs at all levels and leading cadres must take the lead in respecting the use of law and abiding by law, and improve their ability to use the thinking and methods of rule of law to deepen reforms, promote development, resolve conflicts, maintain stability, and respond to risks.
Adhere to and improve the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics, and build a government governance system with clear responsibilities and administration according to law
(2) State administration assumes the major responsibilities of promoting economic and social development, managing social affairs, and serving the people in accordance with the party's and state's decision-making arrangements. It is imperative that all administrative organs serve the people, be accountable to the people, be subject to the people's supervision, innovate administrative methods, improve administrative efficiency, and build a service-oriented government that the people are satisfied with.
(1) Improve the national administrative system. Focusing on advancing the optimization, coordination and efficiency of the functions of state institutions, the government will optimize the administrative decision-making, administrative execution, administrative organization, and administrative supervision systems. We will improve the coordination and cooperation mechanism of departments to prevent multiple policies and the effects of policies from offsetting each other. Deepen the reform of administrative law enforcement system and minimize unnecessary administrative law enforcement matters. Further integrate the administrative law enforcement team, continue to explore the implementation of cross-sectoral and cross-sector comprehensive law enforcement, push the focus of law enforcement downwards, and improve the level of administrative law enforcement capabilities. Implement the administrative law enforcement responsibility system and accountability system. Innovate administrative management and service methods, accelerate the construction of a national integrated government service platform, improve a strong administrative execution system, and improve government execution and credibility.
(2) Optimize the government responsibility system. Improve government economic regulation, market supervision, social management, public services, ecological environmental protection and other functions, and implement a government power and responsibility list system to clarify the relationship between the government and the market, and between government and society. We will further promote simplified administration and decentralization, the combination of decentralization and management, optimize services, deepen the reform of the administrative approval system, improve the business environment, and stimulate the vitality of various market entities. We will improve the macro-regulation system, which takes the national development plan as the strategic direction, fiscal policy and monetary policy as the main means, and employment, industry, investment, consumption, and regional policies. Improve the country's major development strategies and the long-term economic and social development planning system. Improve the budget system with scientific standards, standard transparency, and strong binding. Establish a modern central bank system, improve the base currency placement mechanism, and improve the benchmark interest rate and market-based interest rate systems. Strict market supervision, quality supervision, and safety supervision, and strengthen punishment for violations of laws. Improve the public service system and promote equalization and accessibility of basic public services. Establish and improve the rules and regulations for administrative management using the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other technical means. Promote the construction of digital government, strengthen the orderly sharing of data, and protect personal information in accordance with the law.
(3) Optimize the organizational structure of the government. Promote the legalization of institutions, functions, authorities, procedures, and responsibilities, so that the setting of government institutions is more scientific, functions are more optimized, and powers and responsibilities are more coordinated. Strict organization and management of the organization, make overall use of administrative resources, and save administrative costs. Optimize the setting of administrative divisions, improve the ability of central cities and urban agglomerations to carry comprehensive resources and optimize the allocation of resources, implement flat management, and form a highly efficient organizational system.
(4) Improve and give full play to the central and local enthusiasm systems and mechanisms. Streamline the relationship between the central and local powers and responsibilities, strengthen the management of central macro affairs, and maintain the unification of the country's legal system, decrees, and markets. Appropriately strengthen the central government's power in intellectual property protection, endowment insurance, and cross-regional ecological environmental protection, and reduce and standardize the common power of the central and local governments. Give localities more autonomy and support local creative work. In accordance with the principle of consistency of power and responsibility, standardize the vertical management system and local hierarchical management system. Optimize the division of government power and financial power, establish clear central and local fiscal relations with clear powers and responsibilities, financial coordination, and regional balance, and form a stable system of government powers, expenditure responsibilities and financial resources at all levels. Construct a clear and dynamic working system from the central to the local authorities.
Adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic system and promote high-quality economic development
Public ownership as the mainstay, multiple ownership economies develop together, distribution according to work as the mainstay, multiple distribution methods coexist, and socialist basic economic systems such as the socialist market economy system, which not only reflects the superiority of the socialist system, but also shares the same basic level Adapting the development level of social productive forces at this stage is a great creation of the party and the people. We must adhere to the basic socialist economic system, give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, better play the role of the government, fully implement the new development concept, adhere to the main line of supply-side structural reform, and accelerate the construction of a modern economic system.
(1) Unswervingly consolidate and develop the public ownership economy, and unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public ownership economy. Explore various forms of realization of public ownership, advance the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, develop a mixed-ownership economy, enhance the competitiveness, innovation, control, influence, and anti-risk capabilities of the state-owned economy, and make state-owned capital stronger and better. Deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and improve the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. Form a state-owned asset supervision system that focuses on managing capital, and effectively play the role of state-owned capital investment and operating companies. We will improve the legal environment to support the development of private economy and foreign-invested enterprises, improve the policy system for pro-policy and business relations, improve the support system for small and medium-sized enterprises, and promote the healthy development of non-public economy and the healthy growth of non-public economy people. To create a market environment in which various ownership entities use resource elements on an equal basis, participate openly, fairly and fairly in competition, and are equally protected by law. We will deepen the reform of the rural collective property rights system, develop the rural collective economy, and improve the basic rural management system.
(2) Adhere to distribution according to work as the main body, and multiple distribution methods coexist. Insist on more work and more gains, focus on protecting labor income, increase labor compensation, especially for frontline workers, and increase the proportion of labor compensation in the initial distribution. Improve the mechanism for the contribution of labor, capital, land, knowledge, technology, management, data and other production factors to be evaluated by the market and the rewards to be determined according to the contribution. We will improve the redistributive adjustment mechanism with tax, social security, and transfer payments as the main means, strengthen tax adjustment, improve the direct tax system, and gradually increase its proportion. Improve relevant systems and policies, and rationally adjust the distribution relationship between urban and rural areas, regions, and different groups. Attach importance to the role of the third distribution and develop social welfare undertakings such as charity. Encourage hard work to get rich, protect legal income, increase the income of low-income people, expand the middle-income group, regulate excessively high income, clean up and regulate hidden income, and ban illegal income.
(3) Speed up the improvement of the socialist market economy system. Establish a high-standard market system, improve a fair competition system, fully implement a negative list of market access systems, reform the production licensing system, and improve the bankruptcy system. Strengthen the basic status of competition policy, implement a fair competition review system, and strengthen and improve anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition law enforcement. Improve the property rights protection system based on the principle of fairness, establish a punitive compensation system for infringement of intellectual property rights, and strengthen the protection of business secrets of enterprises. Promote the establishment of a factor market system to achieve a factor price market decision, autonomous and orderly flow, and efficient and fair allocation. Strengthen consumer protection and explore the establishment of a class action lawsuit. Strengthen the construction of the basic system of the capital market, improve the modern financial system with high adaptability, competitiveness, and inclusiveness, and effectively prevent and resolve financial risks. Optimize the basic database of economic governance. Improve the institutions and mechanisms that promote the development of advanced manufacturing and revitalize the real economy. Implement the strategy of revitalizing the countryside, improve the system and policy of prioritizing the development of agriculture and rural areas and guaranteeing national food security, and improve the institutional mechanisms for integrated urban-rural development. Construct a new regional coordinated development mechanism to form a regional economic layout with obvious main functions, complementary advantages, and high-quality development.
(4) Improve the scientific and technological innovation system and mechanism. Promote the spirit of science and craftsmanship, accelerate the construction of an innovative country, strengthen national strategic scientific and technological strength, improve the national laboratory system, and build a new national system that addresses key core technologies under the conditions of a socialist market economy. Increase investment in basic research and improve institutions and mechanisms that encourage basic research and original innovation. Establish a technology innovation system that takes the enterprise as the main body, the market as the direction, and the deep integration of production, education, and research, and supports large and small and medium-sized enterprises and various types of main bodies to innovate, innovate and promote the transformation mechanism of scientific and technological achievements, actively develop new kinetic energy, strengthen standard leadership, and improve industrial basic capabilities And industrial chain modernization level. We will improve the mechanism for discovering, cultivating, and motivating scientific and technological personnel, improve the scientific and technological management system and policy system consistent with scientific research rules, improve the scientific and technological evaluation system, and improve the scientific and technological ethical governance system.
(5) Establish a new system of higher-level open economy. We will implement a wider, wider and deeper comprehensive opening-up, promote the opening up of manufacturing, service industries and agriculture, protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investment, promote fair competition between domestic and foreign enterprises, expand the diversification of foreign trade, and steadily advance the internationalization of the RMB. We will improve the management system of national treatment and negative list before foreign investment admission, and promote the institutional opening of rules, regulations, management, and standards. Improve foreign investment policies and service systems. Accelerate the construction of open highlands such as the free trade pilot zone and free trade port. Promote the establishment of an international macroeconomic policy coordination mechanism. Improve the national security review of foreign investment, antitrust review, management of national technical safety lists, and list of unreliable entities. Improve foreign trade-related laws and regulations.
VII. Adhere to and improve the system of prosperity and development of advanced socialist culture, and consolidate the common ideological foundation for all people to work in unity
The development of advanced socialist culture and the broad integration of the people's spiritual strength are the deep support for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. We must strengthen cultural self-confidence, firmly grasp the direction of advanced socialist culture, and focus on the mission of raising the banner, gathering the hearts of the people, cultivating new people, promoting culture, and displaying image, persist in serving the people, serving socialism, insisting on blossoming flowers, vying for hundreds of schools, and insisting on Creative transformation and innovative development, stimulate the creative vitality of the entire nation's culture, and better build the Chinese spirit, Chinese value, and Chinese power.
(1) Adhere to the fundamental system of Marxism's guiding position in the ideological field. We will fully implement the internship in the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, improve the party ’s innovative theory to arm the entire party and educate the people ’s work system, improve the party committee (party group) theoretical learning center and other levels of learning systems, and build and use online learning platforms. Carry out in-depth implementation of Marxist theoretical research and construction projects, and comprehensively implement adherence to the guidance of Marxism to ideological and theoretical construction, philosophy and social science research, education and teaching. Strengthen and improve the school's ideological and political education, and establish an all-round, whole-process, and all-round education system. Implement the ideological work responsibility system, pay attention to distinguishing political principles, ideological issues, and academic viewpoints, and have clear-cut opposition to and resistance to various wrong opinions.
(2) Persist in leading the cultural construction system with the core values of socialism. Promote normalization and institutionalization of education in ideals and beliefs, promote national spirit and the spirit of the times, strengthen education in the history of the party, the history of new China, and the history of reform and opening up, strengthen education in patriotism, collectivism, and socialism, implement civic morality construction projects, and promote the new era Construction of civilization practice center. Adhere to the combination of administering the country according to law and administering the country with morality, improve the legal policy system that promotes the core values of socialism, integrate the requirements of core values of socialism into the construction of rule of law and social governance, and reflect the entire process of national education, spiritual civilization creation, and cultural product creation and production. Promote the project of inheritance and development of Chinese excellent traditional culture. Improve the co-management mechanism for the education of ideals and beliefs of young people. Improve the voluntary service system. Improve the long-term mechanism of integrity building, improve the credit reporting system covering the whole society, and strengthen disciplinary measures against dishonesty.
(3) Improve the people's cultural rights protection system. Adhere to the people-centered work orientation, improve the guidance and incentive mechanism for cultural product creation, production and dissemination, and launch more popular cultural products. Improve the urban and rural public cultural service system, optimize the allocation of urban and rural cultural resources, promote the expansion of grass-roots cultural benefits to the people, increase the effectiveness, improve the mechanism for supporting mass cultural activities, and encourage social forces to participate in the construction of public cultural service systems.
(4) Improve the working mechanism of public opinion guidance that adheres to the correct orientation. Adhere to the principle of media control by the party, adhere to unity, stability, motivation, and positive publicity, sing the main theme and promote positive energy. Establish a mainstream public opinion pattern that integrates online and offline, internal and external publicity, and establishes an all-media communication system that takes content construction as the foundation, advanced technology as the support, and innovation management as the guarantee. Improve and innovate positive publicity, improve the system of public opinion supervision, and improve the mechanism for guiding public opinion on major public opinions and emergencies. Establish and improve a comprehensive network governance system, strengthen and innovate the construction of Internet content, implement the main responsibility of Internet enterprise information management, comprehensively improve network governance capabilities, and create a clear cyberspace.
(5) Establish and improve a cultural creation and production system that puts social benefits first, and integrates social and economic benefits. Deepen the reform of the cultural system and accelerate the improvement of a cultural management system and production and operation mechanism that adheres to the rules of the development of advanced socialist culture, reflects the requirements of a socialist market economy, and is conducive to stimulating cultural innovation and vitality. We will improve the modern cultural industry system and market system, and improve cultural and economic policies guided by high-quality development. Improve the social responsibility system of cultural enterprises, and guide the healthy development mechanism of new cultural formats. Improve the system and mechanism for the integrated development of culture and tourism. Strengthen the guidance of literary and artistic creation, improve the working mechanism of advocating taste, style, responsibility, and resistance to vulgar and kitsch.
Adhere to and improve the livelihood security system for urban and rural planning and meet the growing needs of the people
Promoting the well-being of the people and promoting the all-round development of the people are the essential requirements for our party to build the party for the benefit of the people and govern for the people. It is necessary to improve the basic public service system of the state in terms of child care, education and education, income from work, medical treatment for the elderly, support for the elderly, living and living in the weak, and assistance for the weak, etc. We must pay attention to strengthening the construction of inclusive, basic, and basic people's livelihood, and guarantee the basic lives of the people. Innovate the way of providing public services, encourage and support social forces to develop business benefits, meet the multi-level and diverse needs of the people, and make the fruits of reform and development more and more equitable for all people.
(1) Improve the promotion mechanism that is conducive to more adequate and higher-quality employment. Adhere to employment as the basis of people's livelihood, implement employment priority policies, and create more jobs. We will improve the public employment service and lifelong vocational skills training system, and improve the employment support system for key groups. Establish a multi-channel flexible employment mechanism that promotes entrepreneurship and employment, and provides underpinning assistance to those with employment difficulties. Resolutely prevent and correct employment discrimination and create a fair employment system environment. Improve the coordination mechanism of labor relations, build harmonious labor relations, and promote the decent work and all-round development of the majority of workers.
(2) Construct an education system serving lifelong learning for all. Fully implement the party's education policy, adhere to the priority development of education, focus on education that is satisfactory to the people, improve the system of building morality, deepen the comprehensive reform in the field of education, strengthen the construction of teachers' morality, and cultivate the moral, intellectual, and physical education. Socialist builders and successors. Promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education, improve pre-school education, special education and universal high school education guarantee mechanisms, and improve the vocational and technical education, higher education, and continuing education coordination and development mechanism. Support and standardize private education and cooperative education. Establish a family education guidance service system covering urban and rural areas. Leverage the advantages of online education and artificial intelligence, innovate education and learning methods, accelerate the development of a more open and flexible education system for everyone, suit everyone, and build a learning society.
(3) Improve the social security system covering the entire population. Adhere to the principle of guaranteeing the best possible coverage, improve the overall planning of urban and rural areas, a sustainable basic old-age insurance system, and a basic medical insurance system, and steadily increase the level of protection. Accelerate the establishment of a national overall plan for basic endowment insurance. Accelerate the implementation of the social security transfer and continuity, medical settlement system in different places, standardize the management of social security funds, and develop commercial insurance. Make overall plans to improve the system of social assistance, social welfare, charity, and preferential treatment and resettlement. Improve the work system and support system for retired soldiers. Adhere to and improve the institutions and mechanisms that promote gender equality and women's all-round development. We will improve the care service system for left-behind children and women in the rural areas and the elderly, and improve the assistance system for the disabled. We will resolutely win the fight against poverty, consolidate the results of the fight against poverty, and establish a long-term mechanism to resolve relative poverty. Accelerate the establishment of a multi-subject supply, multi-channel guarantee, and rent-purchase housing system.
(4) Strengthen the institutional guarantee for improving people's health. Insist on paying attention to the whole life cycle and whole process of health, improve the national health policy, and let the broad masses of people enjoy fair and accessible, systematic and continuous health services. Deepen the reform of the medical and health system, improve the basic medical and health system, and improve the level of public health services, medical services, medical security, and drug supply security. Accelerate the reform of the management system of modern hospitals. Adhere to the grassroots as the focus, prevention as the main focus, combination of prevention and treatment, and both Chinese and Western medicine. Strengthen public health epidemic prevention and control of major infectious diseases, and improve the system of medical insurance and assistance for major diseases. Optimize fertility policies and improve population quality. Actively respond to the aging of the population, and speed up the construction of an elderly service system that coordinates the home community and combines medical care with health care. Focus on strengthening the people's physical fitness, and improve institutional measures to promote national fitness.
Adhere to and improve the social governance system of co-building, co-governance and sharing, maintain social stability and safeguard national security
Social governance is an important aspect of national governance. We must strengthen and innovate social governance, improve the social governance system of party committee leadership, government responsibility, democratic consultation, social coordination, public participation, guarantee of the rule of law, and science and technology support, and build a social governance community where everyone has responsibility, everyone has responsibility, and everyone enjoys To ensure that the people live and work in peace and social stability, and build a safer China with a higher level.
(1) Improve and effectively handle the contradictions among the people under the new situation. Adhere to and develop the "Fengqiao Experience" in the new era, unblock and standardize channels for the expression of people's appeals, interest coordination, and rights protection, improve the petition system, improve the people's mediation, administrative mediation, and judicial mediation work system, and improve the social psychological service system and crisis intervention Mechanism, improve the comprehensive prevention and mediation mechanism for social conflicts and disputes, and strive to resolve contradictions at the grassroots level.
(2) Improve the public security prevention and control system. Adhere to the combination of specialized groups and preventive groups, improve the level of three-dimensional social order, rule of law, professionalism, and intelligence, form a working mechanism for joint governance, work linkage, and safety and co-creation, and improve the ability to predict and warn against various risks. Enhance the integrity, coordination, and accuracy of social security prevention and control.
(3) Improve public safety institutions and mechanisms. Improve and implement the safety production responsibility and management system, and establish a public safety hidden danger investigation and safety prevention and control system. Establish an emergency management system with unified command, special expertise, responsiveness, and co-ordination, optimize the construction of the national emergency management capacity system, and improve disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief capabilities. Strengthen and improve the food and drug safety supervision system to ensure people's physical health and life safety.
(4) Construct a new pattern of grassroots social governance. Improve the institutionalized channels for mass participation in grassroots social governance. Improve the urban and rural grassroots governance system that combines party leadership, autonomy, rule of law, and rule of virtue, improve community management and service mechanisms, promote grid-based management and services, play the role of group and social organizations, and play the self-discipline function of industry associations and chambers of commerce Realize the benign interaction between government governance and social regulation, and residents' self-government, and consolidate the foundation of grassroots social governance. Speed up the modernization of municipal social governance. Promote the focus of social governance and services to the grassroots level, sink more resources to the grassroots level, and better provide precise and refined services. Focus on giving play to the important role of family tutorship in the governance of grassroots society. Strengthen border governance and promote the prosperity of the border and enrich the people.
(5) Improve the national security system. Adhere to the overall national security concept, coordinate development and security, adhere to the organic unity of people's security, political security, and national interests. With the people's security as the purpose, political security as the foundation, economic security as the foundation, military, science and technology, culture, and social security as the guarantee, improve the national security system and enhance national security capabilities. Improve a centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security leadership system, and improve the national security legal system. Strengthen the construction of the national security and people's defense line, increase the awareness of national security among the entire population, and establish and improve mechanisms for the research and determination of national security risks, coordination of prevention and control, and prevention and resolution. We will improve our ability to prevent and defend against national security risks, and be highly vigilant and resolute in preventing and severely cracking down on hostile forces' infiltration, destruction, subversion, and separatist activities.
Adhere to and improve the ecological civilization system and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature
The construction of ecological civilization is a millennium plan for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. We must practice the concept that green water and green mountains are the golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the basic national policy of resource conservation and environmental protection, adhere to the principle of giving priority to conservation, protection and natural recovery, and firmly adhere to the civilized development of production and development, rich life and good ecology. Road, building beautiful China.
(1) Implement the strictest ecological environment protection system. Adhere to the harmonious symbiosis between man and nature, adhere to respect for nature, comply with nature, protect nature, and improve the ecological environment protection system of source prevention, process control, damage compensation, and accountability. Accelerate the establishment and improvement of territorial space planning and overall use of coordinated management and control, coordinate the planning and implementation of ecological protection red lines, permanent basic farmland, urban development boundaries and other spatial management and control boundaries, as well as various types of marine protection lines, and improve the main functional area system. Improve the legal system and policy orientation of green production and consumption, develop green finance, promote market-oriented green technology innovation, and consciously promote green cycle and low-carbon development. Establish a fixed pollution source supervision system with the pollution permit system as the core, improve the regional linkage mechanism for pollution prevention and control and the ecological environment governance system coordinated by land and sea. Strengthen the prevention and control of agricultural and rural environmental pollution. Improve the legal system for environmental protection and the judicial system for law enforcement.
(2) Establish a comprehensive system for efficient use of resources. We will promote the legalization, standardization, standardization, and informationization of the unified and natural rights registration of natural resources, improve the system of property rights over natural resources, implement a system of paid use of resources, and implement a system of total resource management and comprehensive conservation. Improve the policy system for resource conservation, intensive recycling. The garbage classification and resource utilization system is generally implemented. Promote the energy revolution and build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system. Improve the marine resource development and protection system. Accelerate the establishment of a unified system for the investigation, evaluation and monitoring of natural resources, and improve the natural resource supervision system.
(3) Improve the ecological protection and restoration system. We will make overall plans for the integrated protection and restoration of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, and strengthen natural ecological protection of forests, grasslands, rivers, lakes, wetlands, and oceans. Strengthen the protection and sustainable use of important ecosystems, build a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, and improve the national park protection system. Strengthen ecological protection and system management of the Yangtze River, Yellow River and other large rivers. Carry out large-scale land greening operations, accelerate comprehensive management of soil erosion, desertification, and rocky desertification, protect biodiversity, and build ecological security barriers. Except for major national projects, reclamation is completely prohibited.
(4) Strictly clarify the responsibility system for ecological environment protection. Establish an evaluation system for the evaluation of ecological civilization construction goals, strengthen the management of restrictive indicators such as environmental protection, natural resource management and control, and energy conservation and emission reduction, and strictly implement corporate main responsibility and government supervision responsibility. Carry out audits on the departure of natural resources assets of leading cadres. Promote comprehensive administrative enforcement of ecological environmental protection and implement the central ecological environmental protection supervision system. Improve the ecological environment monitoring and evaluation system, improve the ecological environment public interest litigation system, implement the ecological compensation and ecological environment damage compensation system, and implement a lifelong accountability system for ecological environment damage.
Eleventh, uphold and improve the party's absolute leadership system over the people's army, and ensure that the people's army faithfully fulfills the mission and tasks of the new era
The people's army is the strong pillar of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The party's absolute leadership over the people's army is the foundation of the people's army and the soul of a strong army. It is necessary to firmly establish the guiding position of Xi Jinping's strong military thinking in national defense and military construction, consolidate and expand the results of deepening national defense and military reforms, build a socialist military policy system with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively promote national defense and military modernization, and ensure that the party in the new era The goal of building a strong army will build the people's army into a world-class army in an all-round way, and always maintain the nature, purpose, and character of the people's army.
(1) Upholding that the supreme leadership and command of the People's Army belongs to the Party Central Committee. The implementation of the Chairman's Responsibility System by the Central Military Commission is the fundamental form of realizing the party's absolute leadership over the people's army. Adhere to the unified leadership and command of the Armed Forces by the Chairman of the Military Commission, improve the system and mechanism of the chairmanship of the Military Commission, and strictly implement the various regulations of the chairmanship of the Military Commission. Strict political discipline and political rules, resolutely safeguard the authority of the Party Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, and ensure the smooth flow of government orders and military orders.
(2) Improve the party building system of the People's Army. Fully implement the requirements of political army building, highlight the cultivation of military souls, carry forward the fine traditions, inherit the red gene, and resolutely resist wrong political views such as "departyization and depoliticization of the army" and "nationalization of the army". Adhere to the party committee system, political committee system, and political organ system, adhere to the collective leadership of the party committee under the leadership of the division of responsibility system, adhere to the establishment of branches on the party, improve the party's leadership of the army's organizational system. Build a strong party organization and a team of high-quality professional cadres to ensure that the gun is always in the hands of reliable people who are loyal to the party.
(3) Implement the party's absolute leadership over the people's army throughout the entire process of army building. Implement the military strategy of the new era, adhere to the fundamental standards of combat effectiveness, establish and improve a system of military force utilization policies and systems based on the integration of peace and war, build a military strategy system of the new era, strengthen the joint combat command system and capacity building, adjust and improve the combat readiness system, A practical military training system will effectively shape the situation, manage crises, curb wars, and win wars. Adhere to war-led construction and construction-based warfare, establish and improve a military force construction policy system that focuses on warfare, encourages innovation, and integrates military and civilians, and coordinates the construction of the PLA's current and reserve forces, the armed police force, and the militia, and the overall personnel system Arrange and deepen the reforms of the professionalization system for officers, civilian personnel system, and military service system, promote the formation of a modern combat power generation model, and build a modern military force system. Establish and improve a military management policy system that is accurate, efficient, comprehensive, and rigidly constrained, strengthen the strategic management function of the Military Commission, strengthen the construction of military rule of law with Chinese characteristics, and improve the operational efficiency of the military system. We will accelerate the pace of in-depth military-civilian integration and build an integrated national strategic system and capabilities. Improve the national defense science and technology innovation and weaponry construction system. Deepen the reform of the national defense mobilization system. Strengthen national defense education. Improve the party, government, military, police, and people's joint efforts to strengthen border defense. We will improve the dual support work and the military-civilian co-construction mechanism, and strengthen military, military, and civilian unity.
Adhere to and improve the "one country, two systems" system and promote the peaceful reunification of the motherland
"One country, two systems" is an important system for the party to lead the people to realize the peaceful reunification of the motherland, and is a great initiative of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is necessary to insist that "one country" is the premise and basis for implementing "two systems". "Two systems" are subordinate and derived from "one country" and unified within "one country". Strictly govern the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law, firmly safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and safeguard the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macau. We will never tolerate any action that challenges the bottom line of "one country, two systems" Any act of secession.
(1) Fully and accurately implement the "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong", "Macao people ruling Macao", and a high degree of autonomy. Adhere to administering Hong Kong and Macao in accordance with the law, maintaining the constitutional order established by the Constitution and the Basic Law, upholding the principle of "one country" and respecting the differences between the "two systems", maintaining the central government's right to comprehensively manage the special administrative region, and safeguarding the special administrative region's high degree of autonomy, The strong backing function of the motherland is combined with the enhancement of the competitiveness of the Special Administrative Region itself. Improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Constitution and the Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region, adhere to the "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong" and "Australian people ruling Macao" with patriots as the main body, and improve the special administrative region's ability and level of governance according to law.
(2) Improve the system in which the central government exercises full power over the Special Administrative Region in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law. We will improve the system and mechanism for the appointment and removal of the Chief Executive and principal officials of the Special Administrative Region, the interpretation system of the Basic Law of the National People's Congress, and exercise the powers given to the Central by the Constitution and the Basic Law. Establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanism for the special administrative region to maintain national security, and support the special administrative region to strengthen law enforcement. We will improve the system in which the Chief Executive of the Special Administrative Region is accountable to the central government, and support the Chief Executive and the government of the Special Administrative Region in governing according to law. We will improve the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall national development, complement each other's strengths and coordinate the development mechanism with the Mainland, promote the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, support Hong Kong and Macao's economic development, improve people's livelihood, and work hard to resolve deep-seated contradictions and problems that affect social stability and long-term development. . Strengthen the constitutional and basic law education, national conditions education, Chinese history and Chinese culture education for Hong Kong and Macao society, especially public officials and young people, and strengthen the national awareness and patriotism of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots. We must resolutely prevent and curb external forces from interfering in Hong Kong and Macao affairs and carry out activities of division, subversion, infiltration and sabotage to ensure the long-term security of Hong Kong and Macau.
(3) Firmly promote the process of peaceful reunification of the motherland. Solving the Taiwan issue and achieving the complete reunification of the motherland are the common aspirations of all Chinese children and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. Promote cross-strait institutional arrangements for peaceful development. We will improve institutional arrangements and policy measures to promote cross-strait exchanges and cooperation, deepen cross-strait integration and development, and ensure the welfare of Taiwan compatriots, and unite the majority of Taiwan compatriots to jointly oppose "Taiwan independence" and promote reunification. On the premise of ensuring national sovereignty, security, and development interests, after peaceful reunification, the social system and lifestyle of Taiwan compatriots will be fully respected, and the private property, religious beliefs, and legitimate rights and interests of Taiwan compatriots will be fully protected.
Adhere to and improve the independent foreign policy of peace and promote the building of a community of shared future for mankind
Promoting the development of the cause of the party and state requires a peaceful international environment and good external conditions. It is necessary to make overall plans for both domestic and international affairs, hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win, unswervingly safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and unswervingly maintain world peace and promote common development.
(1) Improve the party's leadership system and mechanism for foreign affairs. Insist that the power of diplomacy lies in the party's central government, strengthen the construction of diplomatic theory of major countries with Chinese characteristics, and fully implement the party's central government's foreign policy principles and strategic deployment. Promote the establishment of foreign-related systems and mechanisms, coordinate and coordinate the foreign exchanges between the Party, the People's Congress, the government, the CPPCC, the military, localities, and people's organizations, and strengthen the party's overall coordination and coordination of the external work of all parties. Strengthen foreign-related legal work, establish a legal system for foreign-related work, strengthen research and application of international law, and improve the level of legalization of foreign-related work.
(2) Improve the overall diplomatic layout. Unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development, adhere to the comprehensive development of friendly cooperation with other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, adhere to the equality of nations regardless of size, strength, and wealth, and promote mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation. New type of international relations, actively develop global partnerships, maintain global strategic stability, and oppose all forms of hegemonism and power politics. We must persist in resolving international disputes and hot and difficult issues through dialogue and consultation and peaceful means, and oppose the frequent use or threat of force. Adhere to a defensive national defense policy, never seek hegemony, never engage in expansion, and always be a firm force in maintaining world peace.
(3) Promote the construction of an open system for win-win cooperation. Adhere to the mutually beneficial and win-win open strategy, promote the joint development of the "Belt and Road" high-quality development, maintain and improve the multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, promote the establishment of a global network of high-standard free trade zones, and support the broader development The country improves its capacity for independent development, promotes the solution of global development imbalances, the digital divide, and other issues, and promotes the construction of an open world economy. Improve the security system for opening to the outside world. Establish an overseas interest protection and risk early-warning prevention system, improve consular protection working mechanisms, safeguard the safety and legitimate rights and interests of overseas compatriots, and ensure the safety of major projects and personnel.
(4) Actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system. Holding high the banner of building a community of shared future for mankind, adhering to the global governance concept of consultation, co-building and sharing, advocating multilateralism and the democratization of international relations, and promoting the reform of the global economic governance mechanism. Promote international cooperation on climate change based on the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities, fairness, and respective capabilities. Maintain the core position of the United Nations in global governance, support the institutional construction of platforms such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, BRICS, the Group of Twenty, and promote the establishment of a more just and rational international governance system.
Adhere to and improve the party and state supervision system and strengthen restrictions and supervision on the operation of power
The party and state supervision system is an important institutional guarantee for the party to achieve self-purification, self-improvement, self-renovation, and self-improvement under long-term governing conditions. It is necessary to improve the party's unified leadership, comprehensive coverage, authoritative and efficient supervision system, strengthen the seriousness, synergy, and effectiveness of supervision, form a scientific decision-making, implement resolute, and effective supervision of the power operation mechanism to ensure that the power given by the party and people is always Seek happiness for the people.
(1) Improve the party and state supervision systems. Improve the supervision system within the party, implement the supervision responsibility of party organizations at all levels, and guarantee the supervision rights of party members. Focus on strengthening the supervision of senior cadres and key leading cadres at all levels, improving the internal supervision system of the leadership team, and cracking down on the problems of "first-in-charge" supervision and peer supervision. Strengthen political supervision, strengthen the supervision and inspection of the implementation of the party's theory, line, policy, and major decision-making arrangements, and improve the inspection, inspection, rectification, and inspection implementation reporting system. Deepen the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, strengthen the leadership of the higher-level discipline inspection and supervision committees to the lower discipline inspection and supervision committees, and promote the standardization and legalization of discipline inspection and supervision. Improve the system and mechanism of stationed supervision. Promote the co-ordination of disciplinary supervision, supervision and supervision, resident supervision, and patrol supervision, improve the system of people's congress supervision, democratic supervision, administrative supervision, judicial supervision, mass supervision, and public opinion supervision, and exert the functions of audit supervision and statistical supervision. Take the supervision within the party as the lead and promote the organic integration and coordination of various types of supervision.
(2) Improve the power allocation and operation restriction mechanism. Adhere to the statutory powers and responsibilities, improve the system of separation of powers, establishment of posts, hierarchical authorization, and regular rotation, to clarify power boundaries, standardize work processes, and strengthen power constraints. Adhere to the transparency of powers and responsibilities, promote the open use of powers, improve the system of disclosure of party affairs, government affairs, the judiciary, and various fields of work, and establish a feedback mechanism for inquiries and traceability of power operations. Adhere to the unification of power and responsibility, keep an eye on all aspects of the operation of power, improve the effective mechanism for problem detection, correction of deviations, accurate accountability, and reduction of power to set up rent-seeking space.
(3) To build a system to promote the courage to not dare to rot, not to rot, and not to rot. We will unswervingly advance the fight against corruption, resolutely investigate and deal with corruption cases intertwined with political and economic issues, resolutely cut off the "chain of interest" and be willing to be "circumscribed", and resolutely break the network of power and money transactions. Deepen both the symptoms and the root causes, promote the reform and system construction of key areas such as approval and supervision, law enforcement and justice, engineering construction, resource development, financial credit, public resource transactions, and public financial expenditures, advance national legislation against corruption, promote international cooperation against corruption, and strengthen Education in ideology, morals, party discipline, national law, and consolidation and development of an overwhelming victory in the fight against corruption.
Strengthen the party's leadership in adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advancing the modernization of the country's governance system and capacity
Adhering to and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities are a major strategic task for the entire party. It must be carried out under the unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, scientific planning, meticulous organization, integration of far and near, and overall advancement to ensure that the various goals and tasks identified in this plenary meeting are fully implemented.
The vitality of the system is execution. Party committees and governments at all levels and leading cadres at all levels must earnestly strengthen the awareness of the system, take the lead in maintaining the authority of the system, set an example for the implementation of the system, and drive the whole party and society to consciously respect the system, strictly implement the system, and resolutely maintain the system. Improve the authoritative and efficient system implementation mechanism, strengthen the supervision of system implementation, and resolutely put an end to the choices, modifications, and discounts.
Strengthen institutional theory research, publicity and education, guide the whole party and society as a whole to fully understand the essential characteristics and advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and strengthen the system's self-confidence. Education guides the broad masses of cadres to realize that after a long-term practical test of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, it is hard-won and must be cherished; in order to improve and develop our national system and governance system, we must adhere to the national conditions and the actual situation. We must not only grasp the long-established historical heritage, but also the roads, accumulated experience, and principles of the party and people in the construction of our national system and state governance. We cannot copy the model of another country's system, nor follow the old path of closed rigidity. We will not follow the evil path of changing flags and unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Improving governance capacity is a major task for building cadres in the new era. By strengthening ideological hardening, political experience, practical training, and professional training, the majority of cadres are required to perform duties, exercise power, and carry out work in strict accordance with the system, and improve the overall layout of the "Five in One" and the "four comprehensive" strategic layout. Working ability and level. Adhere to the principle of administering cadres by the party, implement the standards for cadres, establish a correct employment orientation, and use the system's executive power and governance capabilities as the important basis for cadre selection, appointment, assessment and evaluation. Respect knowledge, respect talents, accelerate innovation in talent systems and policies, and support all kinds of talents to contribute wisdom and strength to the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.
To promote comprehensive and deepening reform, we must not only maintain the stability and continuity of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, but also step up efforts to formulate a system that is urgently needed for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and a system necessary to meet the people's new expectations for a better life To promote the self-improvement and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and to maintain vitality.
People of all ethnic groups throughout the country must unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, strengthen their confidence, maintain their will, forge ahead, and innovate. Modernize governance capabilities, work hard to achieve the "two hundred years" goal, and to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!